Reference List

Adamson, A. M. (1939). Review of the fauna of the Marquesas Islands and discussion of its origin. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin, 159.  [84]

Alden, P., & Gooders, J. (1981). Finding birds around the world. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.  [82]

Ali, A. M. S., Asokan, S., & Manikannan, R. (2010). Observations on nesting ecology of White-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis (Aves: Coraciiformes) in Cauvery Delta, Southern India. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, 2(7), 134-139.  [194]

Ali, S. (1970). Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan, Vol. 4, Frogmouths to pittas. Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.  [85]

Allen, C. R., Demarais, S., & Lutz, R. S. (1994). Red imported fire ant impact on wildlife: An overview. Texas Journal of Science, 46(1), 51-59.  [270]

American Ornithologists' Union. (1998). Check-list of North American birds: The species of birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands (7th ed.). Washington, DC: American Ornithologists' Union.  [271]

Andrew, D. G. (1990). Shearwaters, sirens and halcyons. British Birds, 83(8), 334-335.  [86]

Ascanio, D., Miranda, J., León, J. G., Marantz, C. A., Crease, T., Kvarnbäck, J., et al. (2012). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Venezuela. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [272]

Ash, J. S., Atkins, J. D., & Shirihai, H. (2009). Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea: An atlas of distribution. London, UK: Christopher Helm.  [107]

Baker, E. C. S. (1927). The fauna of British India: Birds (2nd ed. Vol. 4). London, UK: Taylor and Francis.  [88]

Baker, E. C. S. (1932). The nidification of birds of the Indian empire (Vol. 3). London, UK: Taylor and Francis.  [76]

Baker, R. H. (1951). The avifauna of Micronesia, its origin, evolution, and distribution (Vol. 3): University of Kansas Museum of Natural History.  [89]

Banks, R. C., Chesser, R. T., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Lovette, I. J., et al. (2007). Forty-eighth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 124(3), 1109-1115. doi: 10.1642/0004-8038(2007)124[1109:fsttao]2.0.co;2  [273]

Banks, R. C., Chesser, R. T., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Lovette, I. J., et al. (2008). Forty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 125(3), 758-768. doi: 10.1525/auk.2008.9708  [274]

Banks, R. C., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Ouellet, H., Rasmussen, P. C., et al. (2000). Forty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 117(3), 847-858. doi: 10.1642/0004-8038(2000)117[0847:fsstta]2.0.co;2  [275]

Banks, R. C., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Rasmussen, P. C., Remsen, J. V., Jr., et al. (2002). Forty-third supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 119(3), 897-906. doi: 10.1642/0004-8038(2002)119[0897:ftstta]2.0.co;2  [276]

Banks, R. C., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Rasmussen, P. C., Remsen, J. V., Jr., et al. (2003). Forty-fourth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 120(3), 923-931. doi: 10.1642/0004-8038(2003)120[0923:fsttao]2.0.co;2  [277]

Banks, R. C., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Rasmussen, P. C., Remsen, J. V., Jr., et al. (2004). Forty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 121(3), 985-995. doi: 10.1642/0004-8038(2004)121[0985:fsttao]2.0.co;2  [278]

Banks, R. C., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Rasmussen, P. C., Remsen, J. V., Jr., et al. (2005). Forty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 122(3), 1026-1031. doi: 10.1642/0004-8038(2005)122[1026:fsttao]2.0.co;2  [279]

Banks, R. C., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., Rasmussen, P. C., Remsen, J. V., Jr., et al. (2006). Forty-seventh supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 123(3), 926-936. doi: 10.1642/0004-8038(2006)123[926:fsttao]2.0.co;2  [280]

Barnett, J. M., & Pearman, M. (2012). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Argentina. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [281]

Beehler, B. M. (1978). Upland birds of northeastern New Guinea: A guide to the hill and mountain birds of the Morobe Province (Vol. 4). Wau, Papua New Guinea: Wau Ecology lnstitute.  [90]

Bell, H. L. (1970). Habitat of the Yellow-billed Kingfisher. Emu, 70(1), 31-32. doi: 10.1071/MU970031d  [38]

Bell, H. L. (1970). Additions to the avifauna of Goodenough Island, Papua. Emu, 70(4), 179-182. doi: 10.1071/MU970179  [92]

Bell, H. L. (1970). Field notes on birds of the Nomad River Sub-district, Papua. Emu, 70(3), 97-104. doi: 10.1071/MU970097  [91]

Bell, H. L. (1980). Foraging ecology, territoriality and seasonality of the Common Paradise Kingfisher at Brown River, Papua New Guinea. Corella, 4, 113-126.  [93]

Bell, H. L. (1981). Information on New Guinean kingfishers, Alcedinidae. Ibis, 123(1), 51-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1981.tb00172.x  [33]

Bell, H. L. (1982). A bird community of lowland rainforest in New Guinea. I. Composition and density of the avifauna. Emu, 82(1), 24-41. doi: 10.1071/MU9820024  [95]

Bell, H. L. (1984). A bird community of lowland rainforest in New Guinea. 6. Foraging ecology and community structure of the avifauna. Emu, 84(3), 142-158. doi: 10.1071/MU9840142  [37]

Benson, C. W. (1960). The birds of the Comoro Islands: Results of the British Ornithologists' Union Centenary Expedition 1958. Ibis, 103(1), 5-106. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1960.tb03677.x  [96]

Benson, C. W., Colebrook-Robjent, J. F. R., & Williams, A. (1976). Contribution à l’ornithologie de Madagascar. L'Oiseau et Revue Française d'Ornithologie, 46, 209-242.  [97]

Bent, A. C. (1964). Life histories of North American cuckoos, goatsuckers, hummingbirds, and their allies ([Dover ed.). New York,: Dover Publications.  [282]

Betts, B. J., & Betts, D. L. (1977). The relation of hunting site changes to hunting success in green herons and green kingfishers. The Condor, 79(2), 269-271.  [98]

Blaber, S. J. M. (1991). A checklist and notes on the current status of the birds of New Georgia, Western Province, Solomon Islands. Emu, 90(4), 205-214. doi: 10.1071/MU9900205  [34]

Blakers, M., Davies, S., & Reilly, P. N. (1984). The atlas of Australian birds. Beaverton, OR: Melbourne University Press.  [99]

Boag, D. (1982). The kingfisher. Poole, UK: Blandford Press.  [100]

Bonnington, C., Weaver, D., & Fanning, E. (2008). The habitat preference of four kingfisher species along a branch of the Kilombero River, southern Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology, 46(3), 424-427. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2028.2007.00812.x  [1]

Braun, M. J., Finch, D. W., Robbins, M. B., & Schmidt, B. K. (2007). A field checklist of the birds of Guyana (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.  [283]

Brazil, M. (2009). Birds of East Asia: China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Russia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [79]

Brodkorb, P. (1937). Some birds of the Amazonian islands of Caviana and Maraj. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology (Vol. No. 349). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.  [263]

Brodkorb, P. (1938). Further additions to the avifauna of Paraguay. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology (Vol. No. 394). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.  [264]

Brooks, D. M., Porzecanski, A. L., Weicker, J. J., Honig, R. A., Saavedra, A. M., & Herrera, M. (2005). A preliminary assessment of the Bolivian chiquitano and cerrado. Ornitologia Neotropical, 16, 85-99.  [260]

Brooks, R. P., & Davis, W. J. (1987). Habitat selection by breeding Belted Kingfishers (Ceryle alcyon). American Midland Naturalist, 117(1), 63-70. doi: 10.2307/2425708  [36]

Brosset, A., & Darchen, R. (1967). Une curieuse succession d'hôtes parasites des nids de Nasutitermes. Biologia Gabonica, 3, 153-168.  [102]

Brosset, A., & Erard, C. (1986). Les oiseaux des régions forestières du nord-est du Gabon: Ecologie et comportement des espèces (Vol. 1). Paris, FR: Société nationale de protection de la nature.  [103]

Bruun, B., Singer, A., Campbell, B., Svensson, L., & Delin, H. (1979). The Larousse guide to birds of Britain and Europe. New York, NY: Larousse.  [54]

Bull, J. L. (1974). Birds of New York state. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.  [284]

Burton, P. J. K. (1978). Notes on some waders and kingfishers in Sarawak. The Sarawak Museum Journal, 26, 195-204.  [104]

Campbell, R. W. (1990). The birds of British Columbia. Vol. 2, Nonpasserines: Diurnal birds of prey through woodpeckers. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press.  [285]

Carroll, R. W. (1988). Birds of the Central African Republic. Malimbus, 10(2), 177-200.  [105]

Castillo, H. D., & Clay, R. (2010). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Paraguay. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [286]

Castro, I. C., & Phillips, A. (1996). A guide to the birds of the Galápagos Islands. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [287]

Chan, K. (2001). Partial migration in Australian landbirds: A review. Emu, 101(4), 281-292. doi: 10.1071/MU00034  [26]

Cherrie, G. K. (1916). A contribution to the ornithology of the Orinoco region. Brooklyn Museum Science Bulletin, 2(6), 133a-374. doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.20610  [108]

Chesser, R. T., Banks, R. C., Barker, F. K., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., et al. (2010). Fifty-first supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 127(3), 726-744. doi: 10.1525/auk.2010.127.3.726  [288]

Chesser, R. T., Banks, R. C., Barker, F. K., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., et al. (2011). Fifty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 128(3), 600-613. doi: 10.1525/auk.2011.128.3.600  [289]

Chesser, R. T., Banks, R. C., Keith Barker, F., Cicero, C., Dunn, J. L., Kratter, A. W., et al. (2009). Fiftieth supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union check-list of North American birds. The Auk, 126(3), 705-714. doi: 10.1525/auk.2009.8709  [290]

Chinner, D. W. (1977). Observations on the effect of increased rainfall on birdlife in central Australia. S. South Australian Ornithologist, 27, 188-192.  [109]

Clancey, P. A. (1951). The characters of a new race of Alcedo semitorquata (Swainson) from the low country of Portuguese East Africa. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 22(3), 176-178. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1951.9639005  [110]

Clancey, P. A. (1965). Comments on the status of the Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides (Smith) in South Africa. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 36(2), 93-94. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1965.9639458  [111]

Clancey, P. A. (1978). Miscellaneous taxonomic notes on African birds. Further comments on variation in Alcedo semitorquata (Swainson, 1823); On Alcedo leucogaster leopoldi (Dubois, 1905). Durban Museum Novitates, 11(16), 272-281.  [113]

Clancey, P. A. (1984). Miscellaneous taxonomic notes on African birds, 64: An undescribed equatorial rainforest race of the Pygmy Kingfisher; On the validity of Halcyon senegaloides ranivorus (Meinertzhagen, 1924). Durban Museum Novitates, 13(14), 169-184.  [114]

Clancey, P. A. (1990). Comment on the geographical variation of the Malachite Kingfisher Corythornis cristatus of the Afrotropics. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 110, 137-138.  [115]

Claramunt, S. (2012). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Uruguay. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [291]

Clarke, G. (1985). Bird observations from northwest Somalia. Scopus, 9(1/2), 24-42.  [116]

Coates, B. J. (1985). The birds of Papua New Guinea including the Bismarck Archipelago and Bougainville. Volume 1. Non-Passerines. Alderley, Qld.: Dove Publications.  [65]

Colston, P., Curry-Lindahl, K., & Coe, M. J. (1986). The birds of Mount Nimba, Liberia. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History).  [118]

Cooper, W. T. (1983). Spotted wood kingfisher, Actenoides lindsayi lindsayi & Hombron's kingfisher, Actenoides hombroni hombroni. London, UK: Lansdowne Editions.  [64]

Cornwell, G. W. (1963). Observations on the breeding biology and behavior of a nesting population of belted kingfishers. The Condor, 65(5), 426-431.  [119]

Cramp, S. (Ed.) (1985). Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The birds of the Western Palearctic (Vol. 4) Terns to woodpeckers. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.  [120]

Crawford, D. N. (1979). Effects of grass and fires on birds in the Darwin area, Northern Territory. Emu, 79(3), 150-152. doi: 10.1071/MU9790150  [121]

Crossley, R. (2011). The Crossley ID guide: Eastern birds. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [49]

Davis, W. J. (1982). Territory size in Megaceryle alcyon along a stream habitat. The Auk, 99(2), 353-362.  [31]

de Castro, J. J., & de Castro, M. (1990). The Blue-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon malimbica in south-west Ethiopia. Scopus, 14, 22.  [106]

de Schauensee, R. M., & Phelps, W. H. (1978). A guide to the birds of Venezuela. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [256]

de Schauensee, R. M., & Ripley, S. D. (1939). Zoological results of the George Vanderbilt Sumatran expedition, 1936-1939. Part III: Birds from Nias Island. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 91, 399-413.  [253]

de Silva Wijeyeratne, G. (2009). Birds of Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sri Lanka: National Trust - Sri Lanka.  [292]

de Zylva, T. S. U. (1984). Birds of Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sri Lanka: Trumpet Publishers.  [248]

Deignan, H. G. (1963). Checklist of the birds of Thailand. Bulletin 226. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.  [83]

del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., & Baptista, L. (Eds.). (2001). Handbook of the birds of the world, Vol. 6: Mousebirds to hornbills. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx.  [6]

Desrosiers, A., Caron, F., & Ouellet, R. (1995). Liste de la faune vertébrée du Québec (2nd ed.). Québec: Gouvernement du Québec, Ministère de l'environnement et de la faune.  [293]

Diamond, J. M. (1972). Avifauna of the eastern highlands of New Guinea. Cambridge, MA: Nuttall Ornithological Club.  [122]

Diamond, J. M., & Marshall, A. G. (1977). Niche shifts in New Hebridean birds. Emu, 77(2), 61-72. doi: 10.1071/MU9770061  [123]

Dickerman, R. W. (1989). Notes on the Malachite Kingfisher Corythornis (Alcedo) cristata. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 109, 158-159.  [124]

Dionne, C.-E. b. (1906). Les oiseaux de la province de Québec. Québec: Dussault & Proulx.  [294]

Dorn, J. L., & Dorn, R. D. (1999). Wyoming birds (2nd ed.). Cheyenne, WY: Mountain West Publishers.  [295]

Douthwaite, R. J. (1973). Pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis populations. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 44(2), 89-94. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1973.9632621  [125]

Douthwaite, R. J. (1976). Fishing techniques and foods of the Pied Kingfisher on Lake Victoria in Uganda. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 47(4), 153-160. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1976.9639555  [126]

Douthwaite, R. J. (1978). Breeding biology of the Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis on Lake Victoria. Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society, 31(166), 1-12.  [127]

Douthwaite, R. J. (1982). Changes in Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) feeding related to endosulfan pollution from tsetse fly control operations in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Journal of Applied Ecology, 19(1), 133-141.  [128]

Dunn, J. L., Alderfer, J. K., & White, M. (Eds.). (2006). National Geographic field guide to the birds of North America. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.  [47]

Dutson, G. (2001). New distributional ranges for Melanesian birds. Emu, 101(3), 237-248. doi: 10.1071/MU00006  [44]

Elgood, J. H., Fry, C. H., & Dowsett, R. J. (1973). African migrants in Nigeria. Ibis, 115(1), 1-45. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1973.tb02621.x  [132]

Environmental Protection Agency. (2002). Productivity and density of belted kingfishers on the Housatonic River. GE/Housatonic River Site in New England. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/region1/ge/thesite/restofriver/reports/final_era/s_GE_ecological_reports/GE%20Kingfisher%20Report.pdf  [296]

Environmental Protection Agency. (n.d.). Species profile: Belted kingfisher. GE/Housatonic River Site in New England. Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/region1/ge/thesite/restofriver/reports/final_era/B%20-%20Focus%20Species%20Profiles/EcoRiskProfile_kingfisher.pdf  [297]

Erskine, A. J. (1992). Atlas of breeding birds of the Maritime Provinces. Halifax, NS: Nimbus Publications.  [298]

Flint, V. E., Boehme, R. L., Kostin, Y. V., & Kuznetsov, A. A. (1984). A field guide to birds of the USSR: including Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [80]

Forbes-Watson, A. D. (1969). Notes on birds observed in the Comoros on behalf of the Smithsonian Institution. Atoll Research Bulletin (Vol. No. 128). Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.  [133]

Forbush, E. H., May, J. R., Fuertes, L. A., Brooks, A., & Peterson, R. T. (1955). A natural history of American birds of eastern and central North America. New York, NY: Bramhall House.  [299]

Forshaw, J. M., & Cooper, W. T. (1983). Kingfishers and related birds: Alcedinidae, Ceryl to Cittura. Sydney, Aus: Lansdowne Editions.  [61]

Forshaw, J. M., & Cooper, W. T. (1985). Kingfishers and related birds: Alcedinidae, Halcyon to Tanysiptera. Sydney, Aus: Lansdowne Editions.  [62]

Forshaw, J. M., & Cooper, W. T. (1987). Kingfishers and related birds: Todidae, Momotidae, Meropidae. Sydney, Aus: Lansdowne Editions.  [63]

Forshaw, J. M., & Cooper, W. T. (1993). Kingfishers and related birds: Leptosmatidae, Coraciidae, Upupidae, Phoeniculidae. Sydney, Aus: Lansdowne Editions.  [60]

Freile, J. F., Ahlman, R., Ridgely, R. S., Solano-Ugalde, A., Brinkhuizen, D., Navarrete, L., et al. (2012). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Ecuador. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [300]

Frith, H. J., & Abbott, I. (1976). Reader's Digest complete book of Australian birds. Sydney, Australia: Reader's Digest Services.  [135]

Fry, C. H. (1970). Ecological distribution of birds in north-eastern Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Anais da Acadêmia brasileira de Ciências, 42(2), 275-318.  [136]

Fry, C. H. (1978). Alcedinidae to Upupidae. In D. W. Snow (Ed.), An Atlas of Speciation in African Non-passerine Birds. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History).  [137]

Fry, C. H. (1980). The evolutionary biology of kingfishers (Alcedinidae). Living Bird, 18, 113-160.  [72]

Fry, C. H. (1980). The origin of Afrotropical kingfishers. Ibis, 122(1), 57-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1980.tb00871.x  [139]

Fry, C. H. (1983). Red mandibles in the Woodland Kingfisher superspecies. Malimbus, 5(2), 91-93.  [140]

Fry, C. H., & de Naurois, R. (1984). Corythornis systematics and character release in the Gulf of Guinea islands. In J. Ledger (Ed.), Proceedings of the fifth Pan African Ornithological Congress, held at Lilongwe, Malaŵi in 1980 (pp. 47-61).  [142]

Fry, C. H., Fry, K., & Harris, A. (1992). Kingfishers, bee-eaters and rollers: A handbook. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [2]

Fry, C. H., Keith, S., Urban, E. K., Woodcock, M. W., Willis, I., & Chappuis, C. (1988). The birds of Africa (Vol. 3). London, UK: Academic Press.  [141]

Garrigues, R., & Dean, R. (2007). The birds of Costa Rica: A field guide. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.  [41]

Gauthier, J., & Aubry, Y. (1996). The breeding birds of Quebec: Atlas of the breeding birds of southern Quebec. Montreal: Association quebecoise des groupes d'ornithologues: Province of Quebec Society for the Protection of Birds: Canadian Wildlife Service.  [301]

Gehlbach, F. R., Dillon, D. O., Harrell, H. L., Kennedy, S. E., & Wilson, K. R. (1976). Avifauna of the Rio Corona, Tamaulipas, Mexico: Northeastern limit of the tropics. The Auk, 93(1), 53-65.  [11]

Gill, H. B. (1964). The White-tailed Kingfisher, Tanysiptera sylvia. Emu, 63(4), 273-276. doi: 10.1071/MU963273  [143]

Gill, H. B. (1970). Birds of Innisfail and hinterland. Emu, 70(3), 105-116. doi: 10.1071/MU970105  [144]

Gilliard, E. T., Lecroy, M., & Gilliard, M. (1967). Results of the 1958-1959 Gilliard New Britain Expedition. 4, Annotated list of birds of the Whiteman Mountains, New Britain.. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 135, 173-216.  [145]

Ginn, P., McIlleron, G., & Milstein, P. l. S. (1989). The complete book of Southern African birds. Cape Town, SA: Struik Winchester.  [146]

Giraudoux, P., Degauquier, R., Jones, P. J., Weigel, J., & Isenmann, P. (1988). Avifaune du Niger: état des connaissances en 1986. Malimbus, 10(1), 1-140.  [147]

Glutz von Blotzheim, U. N., & Bauer, K. M. (1988). Handbuch der Vögel Mitteleuropas. Band 9, Columbiformes - Piciformes. Wiesbaden, FRG: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft.  [148]

Godfrey, W. E., & Crosby, J. A. (1986). The birds of Canada. Ottawa, Canada: National Museum of Natural Sciences, National Museums of Canada.  [302]

Greig-Smith, P. W. (1978). Observations on the Striped Kingfisher Halcyon chelicuti. Bulletin of the Nigerian Ornithological Society, 14(45), 14-23.  [150]

Greig-Smith, P. W. (1978). Behaviour of woodland kingfishers in Ghana. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 49(2), 67-75. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1978.9632633  [149]

Greig‐Smith, P. W. (1979). Selection of feeding areas by Senegal Kingfishers Halcyon senegalensis. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, 49(2), 197-209. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0310.1979.tb00287.x  [151]

Grimes, L. G. (1987). The birds of Ghana: An annotated check-list. London, UK: British Ornithologists' Union.  [152]

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C., & Inskipp, T. (1999). Birds of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [42]

Griscom, H., Keinath, D., & Beauvais, G. P. (2007). Inventory and monitoring of avian management indicator species for the Medicine Bow National Forest, Wyoming: Year three progress report. Unpublished report prepared for USDA Forest Service, Medicine Bow-Routt National Forests and Thunder Basin National Grassland by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. University of Wyoming. Laramie, WY. Retrieved from http://www.uwyo.edu/wyndd/_files/docs/reports/wynddreports/u07gri01wyus.pdf  [303]

Hamas, M. J. (1994). Belted Kingfisher. In A. F. Poole & F. B. Gill (Eds.), Birds of North America Life Histories for the 21st Century (Vol. BNA 84). Washington, DC: American Ornithologists' Union.  [304]

Hanmer, D. B. (1979). The Pygmy Kingfisher Ispidina picta in Malaŵi. Honeyguide, 98, 17-19.  [153]

Hanmer, D. B. (1980). Mensural and moult data of eight species of kingfisher from Moçambique and Malaŵi. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 51(3), 129-150. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1980.9633556  [154]

Hanmer, D. B. (1984). Aberrant Woodland Kingfishers — A follow-up. Safring News, 13, 58-70.  [155]

Hanmer, D. B. (1989). Even more aberrant Woodland Kingfishers. Safring News, 18, 43-46.  [156]

Harrison, C. J. O. (1961). Notes on some eggs and nests attributed to the Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis (Linn). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 81, 141-143.  [157]

Harrison, C. J. O. (1978). A field guide to the nests, eggs, and nestlings of North American birds. Cleveland, OH: Collins.  [305]

Harrison, C. J. O., & Fisher, C. (1982). An atlas of the birds of the western Palaearctic. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [51]

Harrison, C. J. O., & Frith, C. B. (1970). Nests and eggs of some New Guinea birds. Emu, 70(4), 173-178. doi: 10.1071/MU970173  [158]

Harrison, H. H. (2001). A field guide to Western birds' nests: Of 520 species found breeding in the United States west of the Mississippi River. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.  [306]

Harrison, H. H., Smith, N., & Harrison, M. (1975). A field guide to birds' nests of 285 species found breeding in the United States east of the Mississippi River. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.  [307]

Herzog, S., & Maillard, O. (2010). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Bolivia. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [308]

Hilty, S. L., & Brown, W. L. (1986). A guide to the birds of Colombia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [309]

Hockey, P. A. R. (1997). Africa’s kingfishers: A guide to their identification. Africa — Birds & Birding, 2(1), 61-65.  [257]

Holyoak, D. T. (1974). Les oiseaux des îles de la Société. L'Oiseau et la Revue Francaise d'Ornithologie, 44, 1-27,153.  [159]

Holyoak, D. T. (1974). Undescribed land birds from the Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 94, 145-150.  [160]

Holyoak, D. T. (1975). Les oiseaux des îles Marquises. L'Oiseau et la Revue Francaise d'Ornithologie, 45, 341-366.  [161]

Holyoak, D. T., & Thibault, J. C. (1977). Halcyon gambieri gambieri (Oustalet), an extinct kingfisher from Mangareva, South Pacific Ocean. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, 97, 21-23.  [162]

Hoogerwerf, A. (1970). On the ornithology of the rhino sanctuary Udjung Kulon in West Java (Indonesia). The Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society, 24, 9-65.  [163]

Hoogerwerf, A., & Siccama, G. R. H. (1938). De avifauna van Batavia en omstrecken (cont.). Ardea, 27, 41-92.  [164]

Howard, R., Moore, A., & Dickinson, E. C. (2003). The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [310]

Howell, S. N. G., & Webb, S. (1999). A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.  [311]

Immelmann, K. (1960). Behavioural observations on several species of Western Australian birds. Emu, 60(4), 237-244. doi: 10.1071/MU960237  [22]

Jackson, S. (1984). Predation by pied kingfishers and white-breasted cormorants on fish in the Kosi estuary system. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 55(3), 113-132. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1984.9633621  [165]

Jaramillo, A., & Barros, R. (2012). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Chile. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [312]

Jenkins, J. M. (1983). The native forest birds of Guam. Ornithological Monographs (Vol. No. 31). Washington, DC: American Ornithological Union.  [166]

Johnson, T. H., & Stattersfield, A. J. (1990). A global review of island endemic birds. Ibis, 132(2), 167-180. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1990.tb01036.x  [167]

Jones, P. J. (1980). The timing of wing moult in the greyhooded kingfisher in Nigeria. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 51(2), 99-106. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1980.9633550  [168]

Jones, P. J. (1984). The status of the Pygmy Kingfisher Ceyx picta in northeastern Nigeria. Malimbus, 6, 11-14.  [169]

Junor, F. J. R. (1972). Offshore fishing by the Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis at Lake Kariba. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 43, 185.  [170]

Karr, J. R. (1977). Ecological correlates of rarity in a tropical forest bird community. The Auk, 94(2), 240-247.  [261]

Kasahara, S., & Katoh, K. (2008). Food-niche differentiation in sympatric species of kingfishers, the Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Greater Pied Kingfisher Ceryle lugubris. Ornithological Science, 7(2), 123-134. doi: 10.2326/1347-0558-7.2.123  [56]

Keast, A. (1957). Variation in the Australian kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae). Records of the Australian Museum, 24(7), 61-72. doi: 10.3853/j.0067-1975.24.1957.645  [259]

Keinath, D., & Beauvais, G. P. (2007). Inventory and monitoring of avian management indicator species for the Medicine Bow National Forest, Wyoming: Year two progress report. Unpublished report prepared for USDA Forest Service, Medicine Bow-Routt National Forests and Thunder Basin National Grassland by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. University of Wyoming. Laramie, WY. Retrieved from http://www.uwyo.edu/wyndd/_files/docs/Reports/WYNDDReports/U07KEI04WYUS.pdf  [313]

Keinath, D., Smith, H., & Beauvais, G. P. (2006). Inventory and monitoring of avian management indicator species for the Medicine Bow National Forest, Wyoming: Year one progress report. Unpublished report prepared for USDA Forest Service, Medicine Bow-Routt National Forests and Thunder Basin National Grassland by the Wyoming Natural Diversity Database. University of Wyoming. Laramie, WY. Retrieved from http://www.uwyo.edu/wyndd/_files/docs/Reports/WYNDDReports/U06KEI01WYUS.pdf  [314]

Kenefick, M. (2011). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Trinidad and Tobago. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [315]

Khan, M. M. H. (2005). Species diversity, relative abundance and habitat use of the birds in the Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary, Bangladesh. Forktail, 21, 79-86.  [71]

King, W. B., & Vincent, J. (1981). Endangered birds of the world: The ICBP bird Red data book. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.  [171]

Kisasa Kafutshi, R., & Aloni Kumanda, J. (2011). The impact of soil texture on the selection of nesting sites by the Malachite Kingfisher. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 82(3), 243-246. doi: 10.2989/00306525.2011.616696 1.616696">10.2989/00306525.2011.616696 [3]

Kutac, E. A. (1998). Birder's guide to Texas. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing.  [45]

Lamarche, B. (1988). Liste commentée des oiseaux de Mauritanie: Données prises en compte jusque juin 1988. Etudes Sahariennes et Ouest-Africaines, 1(4), 1-162.  [172]

Legge, S. (2004). Kookaburra: King of the Bush. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO.  [20]

Legge, S., & Heinsohn, R. (2001). Kingfishers in paradise: The breeding biology of Tanysiptera sylvia at the Iron Range National Park, Cape York. Australian Journal of Zoology, 49(1), 85-98. doi: 10.1071/ZO00090  [39]

Legge, S., Murphy, S., Igag, P., & Mack, A. (2004). Territoriality and density of an Australian migrant, the Buff-breasted Paradise Kingfisher, in the New Guinean non-breeding grounds. Emu, 104(1), 15-20. doi: 10.1071/MU03054  [40]

Libois, R., & Laudelout, A. (2004). Food niche segregation between the Malachite Kingfisher, Alcedo cristata, and the Pied Kingfisher, Ceryle rudis, at Lake Nokoué, Bénin. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 75(1/2), 32-38. doi: 10.2989/00306520409485409  [4]

Louette, M. (1983). Unreported hunting behaviour of the Madagascar Malachite Kingfisher Corythornis vintsioides on Grand Comoro. Scopus, 7, 21-22.  [173]

Mackay, R. D. (1980). A list of the birds of the Baiyer River Sanctuary and adjacent areas. Papua New Guinea Bird Society Newsletter, 167-168, 24-38.  [174]

Majnep, I. S., & Bulmer, R. N. H. (1977). Birds of my Kalam country: Månmon yad Kalam yakt. Auckland, NZ: Auckland University Press.  [175]

Marshall, A. J. (1931). The azure kingfisher. Emu, 31(1), 44-47. doi: 10.1071/MU931044  [7]

Marshall, S. D. (1989). Nest sites of the Micronesian Kingfisher on Guam. The Wilson Bulletin, 101(3), 472-477.  [177]

Martín, J. A., & Pérez, A. (1990). Movimientos del Martín Pescador (Alcedo atthis, L.) en España. Ardeola, 37(1), 13-18.  [178]

Mayr, E., & Rand, A. L. (1937). List of New Guinea Birds. Results of the Archbold Expeditions, No. 14. Birds of the 1933-34 Papuan Expedition. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 73(1), 1-248.  [179]

McClure, H. E. (1974). Migration and survival of the birds of Asia. Bangkok, Thailand: SEATO Medical Project.  [75]

McCormack, G. (1997). The status of Cook Islands birds. World Birdwatch, 19(1), 13-16.  [66]

McGrew, A. D. (1971). Nesting of the Ringed Kingfisher in the United States. The Auk, 88, 665-666.  [180]

Meadows, B. S. (1977). The food of a Malachite Kingfisher Alcedo cristata holding a territory on a fishless river. Scopus, 1, 24-25.  [181]

Medway, Lord, & Wells, D. R. (1976). The birds of the Malay Peninsula. A general account of the birds inhabiting the region from the Isthmus of Kra to Singapore with adjacent islands. 5. Conclusion, and survey of every species. London, UK: Witherby.  [182]

Mees, G. F. (1965). The avifauna of Misool. Nova Guinea: Zoology, 31, 139-203.  [183]

Mees, G. F. (1977). Additional records of birds from Formosa (Taiwan). Zoologische Mededelingen, 51(15), 243-264.  [184]

Mees, G. F. (1982). Birds from the lowlands of southern New Guinea (Merauke and Koembe). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 191(1), 1-188.  [185]

Mees, G. F. (1991). The type locality of Halcyon coromanda rufa (Wallace). Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 111, 49-51.  [186]

Miller, R. S. (1932). Some notes on the Little Kingfisher. Emu, 31(4), 257-259. doi: 10.1071/MU931257  [187]

Miller, W. D. (1920). The genera of ceryline kingfishers. The Auk, 37(3), 422-429.  [262]

Milon, P., Petter, J. J., Randrianasolo, G., & Paulian, R. (1973). Faune de Madagascar, 35 - Oiseaux. Paris, FR: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.  [188]

Milstein, P. S. (1962). The Angola Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 33(3), 2-12. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1962.9633441  [189]

Moon, G. (1989). Kingfishers in the spotlight. Birds International, 1(4), 63-71.  [190]

Moreau, R. E. (1944). The Half-collared Kingfisher (Alcedo semitorquata) at the nest. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 15(3), 161-177. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1944.9634250  [191]

Moskoff, W. (2002). Green Kingfisher. In A. F. Poole & F. B. Gill (Eds.), Birds of North America Life Histories for the 21st Century (Vol. BNA 621). Washington, DC: American Ornithologists' Union.  [316]

Mountfort, G., & King, W. B. (1988). Rare birds of the world. London, UK: Collins/ICBP.  [192]

Moyle, R. G., & Johnson, K. P. (2006). A molecular phylogeny of kingfishers (Alcedinidae) with insights into early biogeographic history. The Auk, 123(2), 487-499. doi: 10.1642/0004-8038(2006)123[487:ampoka]2.0.co;2  [317]

Mukherjee, A. K. (1975). Food-habits of water-birds of the Sundarban, 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 72, 85-109.  [193]

Myers, S. (2009). Birds of Borneo: Brunei, Sabah, Sarawak, and Kalimantan. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [81]

Narwade, S., Kalra, M., Jagdish, R., Varier, D., Satpute, S., Khan, N., et al. (2011). Literature based species occurrence data of birds of northeast India. ZooKeys, 150, 407-417. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.150.2002  [195]

Nathan, A., Legge, S., & Cockburn, A. (2001). Nestling aggression in broods of a siblicidal kingfisher, the laughing kookaburra. Behavioral Ecology, 12(6), 716-725. doi: 10.1093/beheco/12.6.716  [15]

Obando-Calderón, G., Chaves-Campos, J., Garrigues, R., Montoya, M., Ramirez, O., Sandoval, L., et al. (2009). Lista oficial de las aves de Costa Rica 2009. San José, Costa Rica: Boletín de la Asociación Ornitológica de Costa Rica.  [265]

Ottema, O., Ribot, J. H., & Spaans, A. (2011). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Suriname. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [318]

Pacheco, J. F., & Agne, C. E. Q. (2010). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Brazil. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [319]

Palkar, S. B., Katdar, V. D., Lovalekar, R. J., Mone, R. V., & Joshi, V. V. (2008). Breeding biology of Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher Ceyx erythaca. Indian Birds, 4(3), 98-103.  [254]

Parker, T. A., III, Stotz, D. F., & Fitzpatrick, J. W. (1996). Ecological and distributional databases for neotropical birds. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.  [320]

Parry, V. A. (1970). Kookaburras. Melbourne, Australia: Lansdowne Press.  [196]

Parry, V. A. (1973). The auxiliary social system and its effect on territory and breeding in kookaburras. Emu, 73(3), 81-100. doi: 10.1071/MU973081  [197]

Peterson, R. T. (1980). A field guide to the birds east of the Rockies. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.  [35]

Pizzey, G. (1980). A field guide to the birds of Australia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [32]

Plenge, M. A., Schulenberg, T. S., & Valqui, T. (2012). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Peru. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [321]

Poulsen, M. K. (1995). The threatened and near-threatened birds of Luzon, Philippines, and the role of the Sierra Madre mountains in their conservation. Bird Conservation International, 5(1), 79-115. doi: 10.1017/S0959270900002963  [251]

Poulsen, M. K. (2004). The distribution, habitat and status of Lazuli Kingfisher Halcyon lazuli. Forktail, 20, 29-32.  [235]

Pratt, H. D., Engbring, J., Bruner, P. L., & Berrett, D. G. (1980). Notes on the taxonomy, natural history, and status of the resident birds of Palau. Condor, 82(2), 117-131.  [198]

Pratt, H. D., Engbring, J., Bruner, P. L., & Berrett, D. G. (1987). A field guide to the birds of Hawaii and the tropical Pacific. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [199]

Price, T. D. (1979). The seasonality and occurrence of birds in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society, 76(3), 379-421.  [200]

Prigogine, A. (1973). The migratory movements of the Pygmy Kingfisher Ceyx picta natalensis in the Republic of Zaire. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 93, 82-89.  [201]

Pring-Mill, F. (1974). Report of Oxford University expedition to Kashmir 1974. (The feeding behaviour of kingfishers on the Dal Lakes at Srinagar, Kashmir). Bulletin of the Oxford University Explorers Club, 23, 1-49.  [202]

Prins, T., & Nijman, V. (2010). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Aruba. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [322]

Prins, T., & Nijman, V. (2010). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Bonaire. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [323]

Prins, T., & Nijman, V. (2010). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Curaçao. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [324]

Raffaele, H. A., Wiley, J., Garrido, O., Keith, A., Raffaele, J. I., Pedersen, T., et al. (1998). A guide to the birds of the West Indies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [325]

Ralph, C. J., & Ralph, C. P. (1973). A note on Dacelo gigas. Victorian Naturalist, 90, 132.  [203]

Ralph, C. J., & Ralph, C. P. (1977). Some observations on the winter distribution of the New Zealand Kingfisher. Notornis, 24, 82-93.  [204]

Rand, A. L. (1936). The distribution and habits of Madagascar birds: Summary of the field notes of the Mission Zoologique Franco-Anglo-Américaine à Madagascar. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 72(5), 143-499.  [205]

Rand, A. L. (1954). A Philippine kingfisher uses a tool. Silliman Journal, 1, 83-85.  [74]

Rappole, J. H., & Blacklock, G. W. (1994). Birds of Texas: A field guide. College Station, TX: Texas A & M University Press.  [326]

Reilly, E. M., & Pettingill, O. S. (1968). The Audubon illustrated handbook of American birds. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.  [327]

Remsen, J. V., Jr. (1991). Community ecology of Neotropical kingfishers. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.  [207]

Remsen, J. V., Jr., Cadena, C. D., Jaramillo, A., Nores, M., Pacheco, J. F., Pérez-Emán, J., et al. (2012). A classification of the bird species of South America. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html  [328]

Renaudier, A. (2011). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: French Guiana. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [329]

Reyer, H.-U. (1980). Flexible helper structure as an ecological adaptation in the pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis rudis L.). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 6(3), 219-227. doi: 10.1007/BF00569203  [208]

Reyer, H.-U. (1980). Sexual dimorphism and cooperative breeding in the striped kingfisher. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 51(2), 117-118.  [209]

Reyer, H.-U. (1984). Investment and relatedness: A cost/benefit analysis of breeding and helping in the pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis). Animal Behaviour, 32(4), 1163-1178. doi: 10.1016/S0003-3472(84)80233-X  [210]

Reyer, H.-U. (1986). Breeder-helper-interactions in the pied kingfisher reflect the costs and benefits of cooperative breeding. Behaviour, 96(3/4), 277-303.  [211]

Reyer, H.-U. (1990). The Pied Kingfisher: Ecological causes and reproductive consequences of cooperative breeding. In P. Stacey & W. Koenig (Eds.), Cooperative breeding in birds: Long-term studies of ecology and behavior (pp. 529-557). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://www.uli-reyer.ch/index_htm_files/Reyer%20(1990a)%20-%20new.pdf  [214]

Reyer, H.-U., & Schimdl, D. (1988). Helpers have little to laugh about: group structure and vocalization in the laughing kookaburra Dacelo novaeguineae. Emu, 88(3), 150-160. doi: 10.1071/MU9880150  [14]

Reyer, H.-U., & Westerterp, K. (1985). Parental energy expenditure: A proximate cause of helper recruitment in the pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 17(4), 363-369. doi: 10.1007/BF00293214  [212]

Reyer, H.-U., Migongo-Bake, W., & Schmidt, L. (1988). Field studies and experiments on distribution and foraging of pied and malachite kingfishers at Lake Nakuru (Kenya). The Journal of Animal Ecology, 57(2), 595-610.  [5]

Reza, A. H. M. A., Feeroz, M. M., Islam, M. A., & Kabir, M. M. (2003). Status and density of kingfishers (family: Alcedinidae, Haleyonidae and Cerylidae) in the Sundarbans mangrove forest, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Life Science, 15(1), 55-60.  [58]

Ribot, J. H. (2011). The distribution of 1 observations of the Belted Kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon, in Suriname. Birds in Suriname, South America. Retrieved from http://www1.nhl.nl/~ribot/php4/ov.php4?meal  [331]

Ribot, J. H. (2011). The distribution of 206 observations of the Green-and-rufous Kingfisher, Chloroceryle inda, in Suriname. Birds in Suriname, South America. Retrieved from http://www1.nhl.nl/~ribot/php4/ov.php4?chin  [334]

Ribot, J. H. (2011). The distribution of 333 observations of the Amazon Kingfisher, Chloroceryle amazona, in Suriname. Birds in Suriname, South America. Retrieved from http://www1.nhl.nl/~ribot/php4/ov.php4?chama  [332]

Ribot, J. H. (2011). The distribution of 349 observations of the American Pygmy Kingfisher, Chloroceryle aenea, in Suriname. Birds in Suriname, South America. Retrieved from http://www1.nhl.nl/~ribot/php4/ov.php4?chae  [335]

Ribot, J. H. (2011). The distribution of 357 observations of the Green Kingfisher, Chloroceryle americana, in Suriname. Birds in Suriname, South America. Retrieved from http://www1.nhl.nl/~ribot/php4/ov.php4?chame  [333]

Ribot, J. H. (2011). The distribution of 826 observations of the Ringed Kingfisher, Megaceryle torquata, in Suriname. Birds in Suriname, South America. Retrieved from http://www1.nhl.nl/~ribot/php4/ov.php4?ceto  [330]

Richardson, C. (1990). The birds of the United Arab Emirates - A guide to the status and distribution of all the species that occur in the UAE. Dubai, UAE: Hobby Publications.  [55]

Ridgely, R. S. (1976). A guide to the birds of Panama. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [255]

Ridgely, R. S., & Greenfield, P. J. (2001). The birds of Ecuador. Vol. I: Distribution, status and taxonomy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.  [250]

Ridgely, R. S., & Greenfield, P. J. (2001). The birds of Ecuador. Vol. II: Field guide. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.  [249]

Ridgely, R. S., Allnut, T. F., Brooks, T., McNicol, D. K., Young, B. E., & Zook, J. R. (2007). Digital distribution maps of the birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. Arlington, VA: NatureServe.  [336]

Robbins, M. B. (2008). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Guyana. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [337]

Robson, C. (2002). Birds of Thailand. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [78]

Robson, C., & Allen, R. (2005). Birds of Southeast Asia: Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [77]

Rowe, S., & Empson, R. (1996). Distribution and abundance of the Tanga'eo or Mangaia Kingfisher (Halcyon tuta ruficollaris). Notornis, 43(1), 35-42.  [67]

Rowe, S., & Empson, R. (1996). Observations on the breeding behaviour of the Tanga'eo or Mangaia Kingfisher (Halcyon tuta ruficollaris). Notornis, 43(1), 43-43.  [68]

Russell, S. M. (1964). A distributional study of the birds of British Honduras. Ornithological Monographs (Vol. No. 1). Washington, DC: American Ornithological Union.  [215]

Russo, S. E., Robinson, S. K., & Terborgh, J. (2003). Size‐abundance relationships in an Amazonian bird community: Implications for the energetic equivalence rule. The American Naturalist, 161(2), 267-283.  [266]

Salyer, J. C., II, & Lagler, K. F. (1949). The eastern belted kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon alcyon (Linnaeus), in relation to fish management. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 76(1), 97-117. doi: 10.1577/1548-8659(1946)76[97:TEBKMA]2.0.CO;2  [216]

Schodde, R. (1977). Contributions to Papuasian ornithology. 6. Survey of the birds of southern Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea. (Division of Wildlife Research technical paper no. 34). Melbourne, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization.  [217]

Schodde, R., & Mason, I. J. (1976). Infra-specific variation in Alcedo azurea Latham (Alcedinidae). Emu, 76(4), 161-166. doi: 10.1071/MU9760161  [10]

Sharpe, R. B. (1869). On the kingfishers of South Africa. Ibis, 11(3), 275-283. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1869.tb06881.x  [13]

Sharpe, R. B. (1871). A monograph of the Alcedinidae or family of kingfishers. London, UK: Printed by J. W. Elliot.  [59]

Sibley, C. G., & Monroe, B. L. (1990). Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.  [218]

Sibley, C. G., Ahlquist, J. E., & Monroe, B. L. (1988). A classification of the living birds of the world based on DNA-DNA hybridization studies. The Auk, 105(3), 409-423.  [338]

Sibley, D. A. (2000). The Sibley guide to birds. New York, NY: Alfred A. Knopf.  [48]

Sibley, D. A. (2001). The Sibley guide to bird life and behavior. New York, NY: Knopf.  [53]

Simpson, K., & Day, N. (1988). Field guide to the birds of Australia. London, UK: Christopher Helm.  [16]

Sinclair, I., & Langrand, O. (1998). Birds of the Indian Ocean islands. Cape Town, SA: Struik.  [267]

Sinclair, I., Arlott, N., & Hayman, P. (2011). Birds of southern Africa (4th ed.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [268]

Sinclair, I., Hockey, P. A. R., Tarboton, W. R., Hayman, P., & Arlott, N. (1995). Illustrated guide to the birds of southern Africa. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [70]

Skinner, N. J. (1968). Two-stage northerly local migration of the Grey-headed Kingfisher Halcyon leucocephala. Bulletin of the Nigerian Ornithological Society, 5(20), 88-91.  [219]

Skutch, A. F. (1957). Life history of the Amazon Kingfisher. The Condor, 59(4), 217-229.  [50]

Skutch, A. F. (1972). Studies of tropical American birds. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club, 10, 1-228.  [221]

Smythies, B. E. (1953). The birds of Burma (2nd ed.). Edinburgh, Scotland: Oliver and Boyd.  [222]

Smythies, B. E., & Cranbrook, G. G.-H. (1981). The birds of Borneo (3rd ed.). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Sabah Society.  [73]

Smythies, B. E., Davison, G. W. H., Harrisson, T., & Hughes, A. M. (1999). The birds of Borneo (4th ed.). Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia: Natural History Publications (Borneo).  [223]

Snow, D. (1978). An atlas of speciation in African non-passerine birds. London, UK: British Museum (Natural History).  [224]

Stevenson, T., & Fanshawe, J. (2002). Birds of East Africa: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.  [269]

Stiles, F. G., & Skutch, A. F. (1989). A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.  [43]

Stiles, F. G., Cuervo, A. M., Rosselli, L., Bohórquez, C. I., Estela, F., & Arzuza, D. (2011). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Columbia. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [339]

Stokes, D. W., & Stokes, L. Q. (2010). The Stokes field guide to the birds of North America. New York, NY: Little, Brown.  [46]

Storr, G. M. (1973). List of Queensland birds. Special publication (Western Australian Museum), 5, 1-117.  [226]

Storr, G. M. (1984). Revised list of Queensland birds. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 19, 1-192.  [227]

Stresemann, E. (1914). Die vögel von Seran (Ceram): Aus den zoologischen Ergebnissen der II. Freiburger Molukken-Expedition. Novitates Zoologicae, 21, 25-153.  [228]

Stresemann, E. (1940). Die vögel von Celebes. Journal für Ornithologie, 88(3), 389-487. doi: 10.1007/BF01670259  [229]

Stronach, N. (1989). Notes on the ecology and nesting of the Spangled Kookaburra Dacelo tyro in southern New Guinea. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club, 6, 115-117.  [230]

Svensson, S. (1978). Kungsfiskaren Alcedo atthis i Klippantrakten, Skåne — förekomst och biologi. Vår Fågelvärld, 37, 97-112.  [232]

Tarburton, M. K. (2011). New Guinea Island systematic bird check list. Bird Checklists for 610 Melanesian Islands. Retrieved from http://birdsofmelanesia.net/png8html/newguinea.pdf  [231]

Taylor, R. H. (1966). Seasonal and altitudinal distribution of kingfishers in the Nelson district. Notornis, 13(4), 200-203.  [233]

Terres, J. K. (1980). The Audubon Society encyclopedia of North American birds. New York, NY: Knopf.  [340]

Thibault, J. C. (1973). Notes ornithologiques polynesiennes. Alauda, 41(1/2), 111-119.  [234]

Thiollay, J. M. (1970). L’exploitation par les oiseaux des essaimages de fourmis et termites dans une zone de contact savane-forêt en Côte-d’Ivoire. Alauda, 38, 255-273.  [236]

Thiollay, J. M. (1978). Ecologie de migrateurs tropicaux dans une zone préforestière de Côte d'lvoire. La Terre et La Vie, 27, 268-296.  [237]

Thompson, H. A. F. (1984). The status of kingfishers and their allies Coraciiformes in the Darwin area, NT, 1974−82. Northern Territory Naturalist, 7, 18-29.  [238]

Tjømlid, S. A. (1973). Food preferences and feeding habits of the Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis. Ornis Scandinavica, 4(2), 145-151. doi: 10.2307/3676115  [239]

Tubb, J. A. (1945). Field notes on some New Guinea birds. Emu, 44(4), 249-273. doi: 10.1071/MU944249  [240]

Turner, C., Tamblyn, A., Dray, R., Maunder, L., & Raines, P. (2003). The biodiversity of the Upper Imbang-Caliban Watershed, North Negros Forest Reserve, Negros Occidental, Philippines. Technical Publication of the Negros Rainforest Conservation Project. London, UK: Coral Kay Conservation.  [252]

Ulfstrand, S., & Alerstam, T. (1977). Bird communities of Brachystegia and Acacia woodlands in Zambia: A quantitative study with special reference to the significance of habitat modification for the Palaearctic migrants. Journal of Ornithology, 118(2), 156-174. doi: 10.1007/bf01648316  [241]

van Marle, J. G., & Voous, K. H. (1988). The birds of Sumatra: An annotated checklist. London, UK: British Ornithologists' Union.  [176]

van Someren, V. G. L. (1956). Days with birds: Studies of habits of some East African species. Fieldiana. Zoology, 38. doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.3251  [225]

Vilella, F. J., & Baldassarre, G. A. (2010). Abundance and distribution of waterbirds in the llanos of Venezuela. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 122(1), 102-115. doi: 10.1676/09-070.1  [12]

Wang, L. K., Chan, M., Chan, Y. M., Tan, G. C., & Wee, Y. C. (2009). Pellet casting by non-raptorial birds of Singapore. Nature in Singapore, 2, 97-106.  [57]

Warner, D. W. (1952). The green kingfisher. The Wilson Bulletin, 64(3), 131-132.  [29]

Watling, D. (1983). Ornithological notes from Sulawesi. Emu, 83(4), 247-261. doi: 10.1071/MU9830247  [242]

White, C. M. N., & Bruce, M. D. (1986). The birds of Wallacea (Sulawesi, the Moluccas & Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia): An annotated check-list. London, UK: British Ornithologists' Union.  [244]

White, H. C. (1953). The eastern belted kingfisher in the Maritime Provinces. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin, 97, 1-44.  [243]

Whitehead, J. (1899). Field notes on birds collected in the Philippine Islands in 1893–6, Part III. Ibis, 41(3), 381-399. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1899.tb01488.x  [245]

Whitfield, A. K., & Blaber, S. J. M. (1978). Feeding ecology of piscivorous birds at Lake St Lucia, Part 1: Diving birds. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 49(4), 185-198. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1978.9634097  [246]

Wildlife Diversity Group. (2010). Checklist of the amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals of New York, including their protective status. Albany, NY: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved from http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/wildlife_pdf/vertchklst0410.pdf  [341]

Willard, D. E. (1985). Comparative feeding ecology of twenty-two tropical piscivores. Ornithological Monographs No. 36, Neotropical Ornithology (pp. 788-797). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.  [30]

Williams, J. G., Arlott, N., & Peterson, R. T. (1980). A field guide to the birds of East Africa. London, UK: Collins.  [52]

Williams, S. E. (2006). Vertebrates of the wet tropics rainforests of Australia: Species distributions and biodiversity. Cairns, Australia: Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management.  [8]

Woinarski, J. C. Z., Brock, C., Armstrong, M., Hempel, C., Cheal, D., & Brennan, K. (2000). Bird distribution in riparian vegetation in the extensive natural landscape of Australia’s tropical savanna: a broad‐scale survey and analysis of a distributional data base. Journal of Biogeography, 27(4), 843-868. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2699.2000.00439.x  [9]

Woodall, P. F. (1991). Morphometry, diet and habitat in the kingfishers (Aves: Alcedinidae). Journal of Zoology, 223(1), 79-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1991.tb04750.x  [247]

Woods, R. (2008). Species lists of birds for South American countries and territories: Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas. South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved from http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCCountryLists.html  [342]