Pied Kingfisher

Pied Kingfisher, Ceryle rudis

Attribution-Noncommercial-Sharealike 2.0 license Some rights reserved Rainbirder

 MaleFemale
Length25cm25cm
Wingspread266–294mm270–298mm
Bill length48–67mm48–65mm
Weight68–100g71–110g

Scientific name: Ceryle rudis

Status:

Distribution:

Description:

Call: A vocal kingfisher, often heard before it is seen. The commonest call is a high-pitched, chattering, rather squeaky ‘kwik’, repeated at irregular intervals, and given in flight and at perch. A threat call — uttered frequently, since territorial interactions are commonplace - is a highpitched, staccato ‘chicker-kerker’, given irregularly. Something like it is used also during communal courtship displays. There is no song. A ‘kittle-te-ker’ is uttered when a bird flies from its perch, and is repeated every 1–2 seconds during flight. Several other special-function calls have been described[4].

Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivatives 2.5 license Audio by: Marc de Bont

Food:

Habits:

Nest:

Similar species:

Other names:

References:

[1] Carroll, R. W. (1988). Birds of the Central African Republic. Malimbus, 10(2), 177-200.

[2] Douthwaite, R. J. (1973). Pied kingfisher Ceryle rudis populations. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 44(2), 89-94. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1973.9632621

[3] Douthwaite, R. J. (1976). Fishing techniques and foods of the Pied Kingfisher on Lake Victoria in Uganda. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 47(4), 153-160. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1976.9639555

[4] Douthwaite, R. J. (1978). Breeding biology of the Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis on Lake Victoria. Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society, 31(166), 1-12.

[5] Douthwaite, R. J. (1982). Changes in Pied Kingfisher (Ceryle rudis) feeding related to endosulfan pollution from tsetse fly control operations in the Okavango Delta, Botswana. Journal of Applied Ecology, 19(1), 133-141.

[6] Flint, V. E., Boehme, R. L., Kostin, Y. V., & Kuznetsov, A. A. (1984). A field guide to birds of the USSR: including Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[7] Fry, C. H. (1980). The evolutionary biology of kingfishers (Alcedinidae). Living Bird, 18, 113-160.

[8] Fry, C. H. (1980). The origin of Afrotropical kingfishers. Ibis, 122(1), 57-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1980.tb00871.x

[9] Fry, C. H., Fry, K., & Harris, A. (1992). Kingfishers, bee-eaters and rollers: A handbook. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[10] Fry, C. H., Keith, S., Urban, E. K., Woodcock, M. W., Willis, I., & Chappuis, C. (1988). The birds of Africa (Vol. 3). London, UK: Academic Press.

[11] Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C., & Inskipp, T. (1999). Birds of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[12] Harrison, C. J. O., & Fisher, C. (1982). An atlas of the birds of the western Palaearctic. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[13] Hockey, P. A. R. (1997). Africa’s kingfishers: A guide to their identification. Africa — Birds & Birding, 2(1), 61-65.

[14] Jackson, S. (1984). Predation by pied kingfishers and white-breasted cormorants on fish in the Kosi estuary system. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 55(3), 113-132. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1984.9633621

[15] Junor, F. J. R. (1972). Offshore fishing by the Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis at Lake Kariba. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 43, 185.

[16] Mukherjee, A. K. (1975). Food-habits of water-birds of the Sundarban, 24 Parganas district, West Bengal, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 72, 85-109.

[17] Pring-Mill, F. (1974). Report of Oxford University expedition to Kashmir 1974. (The feeding behaviour of kingfishers on the Dal Lakes at Srinagar, Kashmir). Bulletin of the Oxford University Explorers Club, 23, 1-49.

[18] Reyer, H.-U. (1980). Flexible helper structure as an ecological adaptation in the pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis rudis L.). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 6(3), 219-227. doi: 10.1007/BF00569203

[19] Reyer, H.-U. (1980). Sexual dimorphism and cooperative breeding in the striped kingfisher. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 51(2), 117-118.

[20] Reyer, H.-U. (1984). Investment and relatedness: A cost/benefit analysis of breeding and helping in the pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis). Animal Behaviour, 32(4), 1163-1178. doi: 10.1016/S0003-3472(84)80233-X

[21] Reyer, H.-U. (1986). Breeder-helper-interactions in the pied kingfisher reflect the costs and benefits of cooperative breeding. Behaviour, 96(3/4), 277-303.

[22] Reyer, H.-U., & Westerterp, K. (1985). Parental energy expenditure: A proximate cause of helper recruitment in the pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 17(4), 363-369. doi: 10.1007/BF00293214

[23] Robson, C. (2002). Birds of Thailand. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[24] Robson, C., & Allen, R. (2005). Birds of Southeast Asia: Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[25] Sinclair, I., Hockey, P. A. R., Tarboton, W. R., Hayman, P., & Arlott, N. (1995). Illustrated guide to the birds of southern Africa. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[26] Tjømlid, S. A. (1973). Food preferences and feeding habits of the Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis. Ornis Scandinavica, 4(2), 145-151. doi: 10.2307/3676115

[27] van Someren, V. G. L. (1956). Days with birds: Studies of habits of some East African species. Fieldiana. Zoology, 38. doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.3251

[28] Whitfield, A. K., & Blaber, S. J. M. (1978). Feeding ecology of piscivorous birds at Lake St Lucia, Part 1: Diving birds. Ostrich: Journal of African Ornithology, 49(4), 185-198. doi: 10.1080/00306525.1978.9634097

[29] Williams, J. G., Arlott, N., & Peterson, R. T. (1980). A field guide to the birds of East Africa. London, UK: Collins.

Links:

Chris Pienaar's Kingfisher Gallery

Pied Kingfishers: Breeding display

The Internet Bird Collection: Photos, videos, and sounds

VIREO: Visual Resources for Ornithology

Pied Kingfisher Subspecies
Scientific name Range
Ceryle rudis rudis Africa south of the Sahara, Egypt to Iran and Turkey
Ceryle rudis insignis E China (south of Yangtze River Valley) and Hainan
Ceryle rudis leucomelanurus Kashmir and ne Afghanistan to India and Indochina
Ceryle rudis travancoreensis Extreme sw India (Cape Comorin to n Kerala)

Data sources:

  • Field Museum of Natural History (Zoology) Bird Collection, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14351)
  • Bird and Mammal specimens, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1846)
  • MCZ Ornithology Collection, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/580)
  • NMNH Vertebrate Zoology Birds Collections, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1835)
  • RBINS collections, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/13690)
  • Birds, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8438)
  • Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14100)
  • Zoology (Museum of Evolution - Uppsala), (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1044)
  • Bird specimens, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/806)
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  • ORN, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1897)
  • UMZC Zoological Specimens, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14193)
  • Zoological Museum Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam (NL) - Aves, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/685)
  • Ditsong Museum, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/11955)
  • Lund Museum of Zoology (MZLU), (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1533)
  • Vertebrates of the Gothenburg Natural History Museum (GNM), (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14391)
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  • Bird Specimens in the Museum of Nature and Human Activities, Hyogo, Japan, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/9131)
  • DMNH Birds, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14178)
  • WFVZ Bird Collections, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14187)
  • Fieldjournal.org observation database, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14040)
  • Literature based species occurrence data of birds of North-East India, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14124)
  • Bird Collection of Museum and Institute of Zoology PAS, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1450)
  • Collection Aves (bird skins) SMF, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8314)
  • LACM Vertebrate Collection, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14305)
  • Peabody Ornithology DiGIR Service, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1020)
  • Cowan Tetrapod Collection - Birds, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14386)
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  • Birds Specimens, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/632)
  • Biological and palaeontological collection and observation data MNHNL, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8107)
  • SAFRING, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/11995)
  • Bird specimens, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/571)
  • Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. Birds (Aves), (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/476)
  • Aves MZS, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8091)
  • MVZ Bird Catalog, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8122)
  • SysTax, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1875)
  • Macaulay Library - Audio Data, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/41)
  • hsu_wildlife_birds, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14030)
  • Denver Museum of Nature and Science Bird Collection, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/11617)
  • Bird specimens of Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/13704)
  • Museum of Southwestern Biology, Albuquerque, NM., (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/985)
  • Australian National Wildlife Collection provider for OZCAM, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/9106)
  • Bird specimens, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/634)
  • Santa Barbara Musem of Natural History, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/646)
  • Bird specimens, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/997)
  • Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona: MCNB-Cord, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/9126)
  • Southern African Bird Atlas Project, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/11957)
  • eBird, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/43)
  • Museum Victoria provider for OZCAM, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14118)
  • Rapid Assessment Program (RAP) Biodiversity Survey Database, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8076)
  • iNaturalist research-grade observations, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14026)
  • Aves Tanzanian collection at the Natural History Museum of Denmark (SNM), (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/13987)
  • rmca-albertine-rift-birds, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/14336)
  • MVZ Egg/Nest Catalog, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/8124)
  • Macaulay Library - Video Data, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/42)
  • IndOBIS, Indian Ocean Node of OBIS, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1471)
  • Israel Nature and Parks Authority, (accessed through GBIF data portal, http://data.gbif.org/datasets/resource/1431)

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