Ruddy Kingfisher

Ruddy Kingfisher, Halcyon coromanda

Attribution-Noncommercial-Sharealike 2.0 license Some rights reserved Hiyashi Haka

Scientific name: Halcyon coromanda




Call: tremulous fluty pyorr, pyorr





[1] Baker, E. C. S. (1932). The nidification of birds of the Indian empire (Vol. 3). London, UK: Taylor and Francis.

[2] Forshaw, J. M., & Cooper, W. T. (1985). Kingfishers and related birds: Alcedinidae, Halcyon to Tanysiptera. Sydney, Aus: Lansdowne Editions.

[3] Fry, C. H. (1980). The evolutionary biology of kingfishers (Alcedinidae). Living Bird, 18, 113-160.

[4] Fry, C. H., Fry, K., & Harris, A. (1992). Kingfishers, bee-eaters and rollers: A handbook. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[5] Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C., & Inskipp, T. (1999). Birds of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

[6] McClure, H. E. (1974). Migration and survival of the birds of Asia. Bangkok, Thailand: SEATO Medical Project.

[7] Rand, A. L. (1954). A Philippine kingfisher uses a tool. Silliman Journal, 1, 83-85.

[8] Smythies, B. E., & Cranbrook, G. G.-H. (1981). The birds of Borneo (3rd ed.). Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Sabah Society.

Ruddy Kingfisher Subspecies
Scientific name Range
Halcyon coromanda coromanda E Himalayas to n Myanmar and sw China; winters to Sumatra
Halcyon coromanda bangsi Ryukyu Islands: winters Philippines and Talaud Islands
Halcyon coromanda claudiae Sulu Archipelago (Tawitawi, Bulubuk and Sanga Sanga)
Halcyon coromanda linae Palawan (sw Philippines)
Halcyon coromanda major Japan to Korea, ne China; winters to Taiwan, Philippines, Borneo
Halcyon coromanda minor Riau Arch., Mentawi Arch., s Malay Pen. and Greater Sundas
Halcyon coromanda mizorhina Andaman Islands; questionable Nicobar I. specimen
Halcyon coromanda pelingensis Peleng I. (off e Sulawesi)
Halcyon coromanda rufa S Sulawesi, Sangihe, Muna and Butung islands
Halcyon coromanda sulana Sula Islands (e of Sulawesi)

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